The anatomy of the auditory and equilibrium systems includes the peripheral organ – the ear, and the central organ – the central nervous system, that are relevant to the hearing and balance systems. The origin of the professional terminology is Latin, but today, many terms are gradually translated and used in English. Meniere's disease syndrome will remain a French nomenclature.
The relevance of anatomy to most of the tinnitus, vertigo, dizziness and meniere's disease patients is not clear enough. When a structural abnormality is found in the body of a patient, a theory that links it to the ear pathology is established. For patients with normal gross anatomy and tinnitus or of vertigo, there is no theoretical explanation based on their anatomy.
The patients of meniere's disease, are the only patients that have gross anatomy abnormality in the inner ear. It is hard to explain the relation of the pathological findings to the tinnitus, vertigo, dizziness and hearing loss attacks of the meniere's disease patients. In the current literature there are few theories regarding the anatomic location of the pathology in these medical conditions, but there is no doubt that it is easier to read the relevant scientific articles when you know basic anatomy.
The vestibular system